Every business owner wants the official website of his / her business has the best possible design. A good web design definitely has the capacity to retain customers for a longer duration on a website. In doing so, it could increase the probability of customers buying the products and services that are on offer.
However, all the efforts that are being put in enhancing the design of the website will be of no use if the site is not safe and can easily get attacked by intruders.
Therefore, it becomes really important that all the possible measures that are required to keep a website safe should be taken. Below are some of the ways that will keep your website protected from any kind of attack or threat.
1. Keep Your Software Updated
It is always recommended to keep all your software updated to the latest version. Similarly, a website is no different and it is vital that the server operating system or any other kind of software should be kept updated as this will ensure that the security of your website.
Believe it or not, any kind of loopholes that are present in your site’s security will definitely come under the radar of the hackers. To keep your site secured, using a managed hosting solution is the way to go as all the security updates for the operating system will be taken care of by the hosting company.
If your website is using any of the third party CMS or forums then all the security patches should be applied.
2. Get an SSL Certificate
The language or the code that is used for transferring the information over the Internet is not secure. Due to this, there is a very high possibility that any of the sensitive information like user names, passwords and credit card numbers can be captured by a hacker. Especially when making a login on any of the e-commerce shopping platforms, there is a constant threat from the malicious items.
In order to get rid of this kind of threat, it is important and always recommended to get your website an SSL certificate to ensure all the sensitive information via your website have been properly encrypted.
3. Use Stronger Passwords
Everybody is aware of the importance of using a strong password. However, for whatever reasons, they still ignore it.
Strong passwords for the server and site admin logins are essential to safeguard your website. Users should also make it a habit of indulging in good password practices that will enable them to keep their multiple accounts secured.
As a general rule of thumb, a minimum of eight characters with the combination of the following characteristics are recommended:
- At least an uppercase letter;
- At least an lowercase letter;
- Includes alphanumerical values; and
- Includes a symbol sign.
4. Browser and Server Side Validation
It is mandatory that validation is done on both the server side and the browser side. This will enable the browser to catch any of the simple failures that include empty mandatory fields and entering texts in a field where only numbers should be added.
These validations need to be checked thoroughly. If this is not done then any of the scripting code or malicious code that gets inserted in the database could lead to undesirable results in the website.
5. Examine Every File Before Uploading
Each and every file that gets uploaded to your website possesses some form of a security risk. It doesn’t matter what is the file size as even the smallest file could consist of a script that may ruin your website.
If your website consists of a file upload form then it becomes even more important to verify all the files. In the case of images, the format of the images might contain a code in the comment section that can be executed by the server.
By default, the web servers will not execute any of the files that consist of image extensions. One approach that can be followed is to change the name of the file while uploading which will ensure the right file extension and even changing the file permissions so that it cannot be executed itself.
However, the best way to go about this would be to prevent a direct access of the uploaded files and store all these files in a folder which is outside of your web root.
6. Backup Your Website Regularly
You don’t want to be in the situation when your website got hijacked or infected by virus and you’ve not made a backup of it right? I supposed nobody likes that to happen.
In short, do backup your website regularly so that you can restore it when the need arises.
In The End
Maintaining the security of your website is an aspect that is very crucial as there are many different threats that a website can face, and some are unpredictable!
The points mentioned above are just a few common ways in securing your website which you should, minimally, be aware of and be prepared for them.
This is a guest post by Lauren McLaren.